Croft Ambrey Hillfort Croft Castle Estate

Record ID:  70000*0 / MNA141858
Record type:  Monument
Protected Status: Scheduled Monument
NT Property:  Croft Castle; Midlands
Civil Parish:  Aymestrey; County of Herefordshire
Grid Reference:  SO 4444 6682
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Summary

Mulitvallate hillfort. Known about since the seventeenth century, and surveyed in the 1930s, 60s and 70's. Evidence for Roman occupation is clear but can be interpreted in a number of different ways.

Identification Images (0)

Monument Types

  • MULTIVALLATE HILLFORT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)

Description

Multivallate hillfort, with whole plan preserved. The monument has been known about since the seventeenth century and was surveyed in the 1930s (RCHME 1934). A number of areas excavated between 1960 and 1966 (Stanford 1974a) and since it has regularly featured in synthetic literature at a regional and national level (eg Stanford 1971, 1974b, 1991, Cunliffe 1978, Forde Johnston 1976, Rowley 1986.) The evidence for Roman occupation is clear but can be interpreted in a number of different ways (cf The Mound 7089\01). A management survey of the moument was carried out in 1985 (Alexander et al 1985.)

Analytical survey and investigation of the earthworks at Croft Ambrey has introduced fresh interpretations of site and landscape development. There are just the slightest hints of an earlier genesis for human activity on the hill and while the great boundary constructions excavated in the 1960s by Stan Stanford remain the focus of interest, there is a considerable amount of formerly unreported activity relating to the historic period. The site is seen to be important for its geology, not least as the limestone, its outcrops and the shape of its weathered topography have influenced the form of the earthworks and, no doubt, prehistoric perception of the place. The visible surface engraving can be seen as representing a palimpsest of these activities with the latest invariably both masking and sometimes being influenced by earlier features. There is some evidence that the site served as a deer park, a rabbit warren and also suffered agricultural episodes before being incorporated into a landscape park.

References

  • SNA62304 - National Trust Report: Ray, K and Hoverd, T. 2002. Croft Castle Estate: An Archaeological Survey 2001-2002.

  • SNA62305 - National Trust Report: Owen, Nick. 2004. Croft Castle, Historic landscape Survey Parts 1 and 2: History and Analysis and Conservation Plan. 1.

  • SNA62306 - National Trust Report: Owen, Nick. 2004. Croft Castle, Historic landscape Survey Part 3: Photocopies. 3.

  • SNA62307 - National Trust Report: Owen, Nick. 2004. Croft Castle, Historic landscape Survey Part 4: Plans. 3.

  • SNA62308 - Unpublished document: Slater, Matthew. 1987. The Multiple Use, Preservation and Presentation of Archaeological and Historic Sites in the Central Welsh Marshes.

  • SNA64327 - Geophysical Survey Report: Field, D. and Smith, N.. 2008. Analysis of Earthworks at Croft Ambrey, Croft Castle.

  • SNA64684 - Collection: National Trust. 1985. Croft Ambrey hill fort photographs showing erosion and failed mitigation.

  • SNA67516 - Report: Hereford & Worcester County Archaeology Service. 1992. Croft Castle Estate: Survey and Archaeological Management Recommendations.

  • SZK1876 - Monograph: Barry Cunliffe. 1978. Iron Age Communications in Britain. 2.

  • SZK2464 - Document: J Minton. 1989. Access to the Herefordshire Countryside.

  • SZK3643 - Unpublished document: Keith Alexander. 1985. Croft Ambrey, Hereford and Worcester: The National Trust archaeological and biological survey.

  • SZK7304 - Document: RCHME. 1934. Survey of Croft Ambrey hillfort and Croft Castle.

  • SZK7684 - Monograph: Forde Johnston. 1976. Hillforts.

  • SZK7983 - Document: S C Stanford. 1971. Invention, adaption and imposition - the evidence of hillforts in the Iron Age.

  • SZK8004 - Document: S C Stanford. 1974. Croft Ambrey Leominster.

  • SZK8005 - Monograph: S C Stanford. 1991. The archaeology of the Welsh Marches (2nd Edn).

  • SZK9062 - Monograph: T Rowley. 1986. The landscape of the Welsh Marches.

Designations

Other Statuses and References

  • HER/SMR Reference (External): 177

Associated Events

  • ENA4215 - Non Archaeological Intervention, Visitor survey Croft Ambrey Hill Fort, April 1987
  • ENA5934 - Field Survey, Analysis of Earthworks at Croft Ambrey, Croft Castle
  • ENA7544 - Environmental Intervention, A Scrub Management Plan for Croft Ambrey Hillfort, Aymestrey, Herefordshire

Associated Finds

None Recorded

Related Records

  • Related to: Hollow way, SW of Croft Ambrey hillfort, Croft Castle Estate (Monument) - 70000*1 / MNA142705
  • Related to: Terraces in the southern slope of Croft Ambrey Hillfort, Croft Castle Estate (Monument) - 70000*2 / MNA142952