Smelt Mill Complex at Froggatt Wood, Longshaw Estate

Record ID:  60221*0 / MNA112814
Record type:  Monument
Protected Status: Scheduled Monument
NT Property:  Longshaw Estate; Midlands
Civil Parish:  Froggatt; Derbyshire Dales; Derbyshire
Grid Reference:  SK 247 772
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Summary

Ruins of a 18th century slag mill, with a water wheel, where smelting is believed to have taken place. It is a complex site with stone water channels, hearth, much slag and traces of buildings, dating from the 16th to the 18th century.

Identification Images (0)

Monument Types

  • SMELT MILL (Late 16th C to Mid 18th C - 1570 AD to 1750 AD)

Description

The smelt mill, the most complete of its type to survive in Derbyshire, is in a wood beside a stream. The stream was ponded to provide water for a small wheel which would have operated bellows to produce an air blast for the lead smelter which would have stood close by. The stone channel bringing water from the pond to the wheel still carries water but the sluice which would have operated the flow has long gone. The wheel pit is chocked with stone from the surrounding walls. The roughly constructed wall around the front of the site of the wheel pit was built at a later date than the back wall which has a recess for the back of the wheel. Water from the wheel pit is still carried away underground by a tail race to emerge further down the slope and rejoin the stream. Below the site of the smelter there are a number of slag heaps. Above the site of the wheel, and built into the side of the hill, is a well preserved example of a White Coal Kiln which would have been used to dry wood for use in the smelter. There are a number or pieces of worked stone lying on the surface close to the buildings. The site is enclosed by drystone walls but these may not be contemporary with the smelt mill. There is a well-made access track to the site from Froggatt and there is a gatepost still standing where this track enters the site but it has been suggested that the smelt mill was approached by an earlier track coming up the slope below the site.

The site was worked at an unknown period between C16 and C18. Froggatt Wood Smelt Mill is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. No excavation has been undertaken but it has been surveyed by Sheffield University Division of Continuing Education, 1985 (Crossley).

References

  • SZE1141 - Article in serial: A Faulkner Taylor. 1988. Pathways of the Forgotten, Country Walking, August 1988.

  • SZE1159 - Document: Anon. 1975. Council for British Archaeology Panel on Industrial Mounuments 9. 9.

  • SZE12840 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1988. Pond showing sapling growth, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 1.

  • SZE14177 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1988. White-coal kiln (entrance), Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 11.

  • SZE1444 - Graphic material: Harry Beamish. 1985. Froggatt Wood Smelt Mill, Approximate Sketch Plan. 100.

  • SZE16893 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1986. White-coal kiln (entrance), Froggatt Wood, Longshaw.. 2 M. 10.

  • SZE17333 - Photograph - colour: Lead Smelter, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw Estate. 4.

  • SZE17477 - Photograph - black and white: Harry Beamish. 01/12/1985. Site of wheel pit at Froggatt Wood Smelt Mill, Longshaw. 1 M. 2.

  • SZE21491 - Photograph - colour: Lead Shelter, Longshaw Estate. 5.

  • SZE22923 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1986. Wall within E end of smelting-house, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 5.

  • SZE22924 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1985. Smelting-house, with W corners and sidewall lines marked by rods, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 6.

  • SZE24610 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1986. Dam; displaced stones, before felling of trees, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw.. 2 M. 2.

  • SZE24726 - Photograph - colour: Froggatt Wood, Smelt mill, Longshaw Estate. 34.

  • SZE25247 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1988. White-coal kiln, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw.. 2 M. 13.

  • SZE2650 - Monograph: H Harris. 1971. Industrial Archaeology of the Peak District.

  • SZE28818 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1988. Head race, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 4.

  • SZE32524 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1988. Dam: displaced stones, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 3.

  • SZE33858 - Photograph - black and white: Harry Beamish. 01/12/1985. Dam above the smelt mill complex, Froggatt Mill, Longshaw Estate.. 5.

  • SZE33859 - Photograph - black and white: Harry Beamish. 01/12/1985. Stone water channel, Froggatt Wood Smelt Mill, Longshaw. 1 M. 4.

  • SZE35786 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1988. Smelting House, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw Estate.. 2 M. 9.

  • SZE37528 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1986. White-coal kiln, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 12.

  • SZE41334 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1985. Smelting-house interior, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 8.

  • SZE42841 - Photograph - black and white: Harry Beamish. 01/12/1985. Site of White Coal Kiln, Longshaw Estate. 1 M. 3.

  • SZE45688 - Photograph - black and white: D Crossley. 01/01/1988. Smelting-house, Froggatt Wood, Longshaw. 2 M. 7.

  • SZE7222 - Unpublished document: D Crossley. 1988. Ore-hearth, Lead-smelter, Froggatt Wood, Derbyshire. Surveyed 1986-7; re-photographed 1988..

  • SZE7260 - Monograph: L Willies. 1972. 27.

  • SZE7812 - Article in serial: A Faulkner Taylor. 1988. The Froggatt Lead Smelter, Derbyshire Life, Dec. 1988.

  • SZE9421 - Unpublished document: P D Claris. 1988. Site visit: Froggatt Wood Lead Smelting Mill, Longshaw,.

Designations

Other Statuses and References

  • HER/SMR Reference (External): 5907
  • National Park

Associated Events

  • ENA1030 - Field Survey, Survey and re-photographing of Froggatt Wood Ore-hearth and Lead Smelter, Longshaw Estate

Associated Finds

None Recorded

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