Late Neolithic Class I henge. Also Early Neolithic external pit.
Identification Images (0)
- PIT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
- HENGE (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
Late Neolithic Class I henge excavated 1980 by Richards. Broad oval ditch with causeway on NE. C14 2917-2615BC. Internal features dated by C14 3254-2911 BC. External early Neolithic pit ( C14 dates 3980-3708 BC) approx 20m to NW of causeway ( Wiltshire SMR). Totally flattened by ploughing, lies on almost level ground above 115m OD and within sight of Stonehenge. The site was noted from the air in the 1920s and thought to be a disc barrow but later photographs ( CUAP NP 44-7, QF 90, 92) show it to be a Class I henge with an entrance on the NE. In plan the ditch is oval rather than circular, about 45m by 55m in overall diameter, with the entrance on the longer axis. Traces of an external bank are visible on an air photograph of 1934 ( OS 'Durnford' 5674). The site appears never to have been recorded as a standing earthwork; probably it was levelled in medieval times or soon after. It lies within one of the former open-fields of West Amesbury, the Middle Field, a name first recorded in 1562. Traces of ridge-and-furrow impinging on the monument are visible on some air photographs ( NMR SU 1341/4/156- 8) ( RCHM 1979, 13).
- SZN3268 - Monograph: RCHME. 1979. Stonehenge and its Environs.
Other Statuses and References
- HER/SMR Reference (External): SU14SW138
- National Monuments Record Reference: SU14SW14
- World Heritage Site
- ENA3373 - Field Survey,
- ENA3374 - Archaeological Intervention,
- ENA3392 - Field Survey,
- ENA3393 - Field Survey,