Rams Hill Type Bronze Age Enclosure; Roman Fortified Site; Anglo-Saxon Cemetery, Highdown Hill

Record ID:  129256 / MNA128542
Record type:  Monument
Protected Status: Scheduled Monument
NT Property:  Highdown Hill; London and South East
Civil Parish:  Ferring; Arun; West Sussex
Grid Reference:  TQ 09272 04342
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Summary

A late Bronze Age settlement on Highdown Hill was overlaid by an Iron Age univallate hillfort. The Iron Age hillfort was refortified c.270 to 300AD and was later used as a burial ground for more than 150 individuals in the 5th and 6th centuries AD.

Monument Types

  • HILLFORT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FORT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ENCLOSED SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • CEMETERY (Saxon - 410 AD to 600 AD)

Description

Highdown Hill has a late Bronze Age settlement site of circular huts overlain by an Iron Age hillfort (see 2234). A bronze
socketed dagger was found by Lane Fox in his pit No.6, and a late Bronze Age hoard was excavated between 1895-1900
by Henty. A further study of previously published material suggests that the Iron Age hillfort may have replaced a Bronze
Age enclosure on the same site.{1}{2}{3}{4}{5}{6}{7}ü Revised NMR Number 29268, formerly 65. Revised name Highdown
Hill Camp: A Ram's Hill type enclosure, an Anglo-Saxon cemetery and associated remains, formerly Highdown Hill
Camp. Revised 12-7-97.{8} Activity References - 2 = WS397, 3 = WS358, 3 = WS535
Sources
(1) Bibliographic reference: Aldsworth FG. 1975. TQ00SE1.
(2) Bibliographic reference: Lane Fox AM. 1869. Archaeologia. 42:74-6
(3) Excavation archive: Wilson AE. 1940. Report on the excavations on Highdown Hill, Sussex, August 1939.
Sussex Arch Colls. 81:167-203
(4) Excavation archive: Wilson AE. 1950. Excavations on Highdown Hill,1947. Sussex Arch Colls. 89:163-178
(5) Bibliographic reference: Allen IM, Britton D & Coghlan MM. 1970. Metallurgical Reports onBritish and Irish BA
Imps and Weapons in the Pitt Rivers. 216-218 No 111
(6) Bibliographic reference: Bradley R. 1971. 11-12:15-16:19-21
(7) Bibliographic reference: Aldsworth FG. 1976. TQ00SE1.
(8) Bibliographic reference: 1997. EH Revised Scheduling. Ref:MPP23/ AA 50839/1


A late Bronze Age settlement on Highdown Hill (see 2233) was overlaid by an Iron Age univallate hillfort. The SE. corner
of the fort is occupied by a windmill mound (see 2295). For the Saxon cemetery see 2236.{1}{2}{3} {4}{5}{6}{7}{8}{9}{10}ü
Revised number 29268, formerly 65. Revised name Highdown Hill Camp: A Ram's Hill type enclosure, an Anglo-Saxon
cemetery and associated remains, formerly Highdown Hill Camp. Revised 12-7-97.{11} Activity References - 3 =
WS397, 5 = WS535, 9 = WS68
Sources
(1) Bibliographic reference: Aldsworth FG. 1975. TQ00SE1.
(2) Bibliographic reference: Irving GV. 1857. JBAA. 13:289-93
(3) Bibliographic reference: Lane Fox AM. 1869. Archaeologia. 42:74-6
(4) Bibliographic reference: Read CH. 1899-1901. Proc Soc Antiqs. 2nd series:18:386-8
(5) Excavation archive: Wilson AE. 1940. Report on theexcavations on Highdown Hill, Sussex, August 1939.
Sussex Arch Colls. 81:167-203
(6) Excavation archive: Wilson AE. 1950. Excavations on HighdownHill,1947. Sussex Arch Colls. 89:163-178
(7) Bibliographic reference: Curwen EC. 1954. 186:219-30:297
(8) Bibliographic reference: Bradley R. 1971. 11-12:15-16:19-21
(9) Bibliographic reference: Aldsworth FG. 1975. TQ00SE1.
(10) Bibliographic reference: Aldsworth FG. 1976. TQ00SE1.
(11) Bibliographic reference: 1997. EH Revised Scheduling. Ref: MPP34/ AA 50839/1

The Iron Age hillfort on Highdown Hill (see 0155) was refortified c.270 to 300AD.{1} Refer Southern Archaeology
excavation to east in 1995.{2} Revised schedule number 29268, formerly 65. Revised name Highdown Hill Camp: A
Ram's type enclosure, an Anglo-Saxon cemetery and associated remains, formerly Highdown Hill Camp. Revised
12-7-97.{3}
Sources
(1) Excavation archive: Wilson AE. 1950. Excavations on Highdown Hill, 1947. Sussex Arch Colls. 89:163-178
(2) Bibliographic reference: Mills J. 1996. 14-10-96
(3) Bibliographic reference: 1997. EH Revised Scheduling. Ref: MPP23/ AA 50839/1

References

None Recorded

Status

  • HER/SMR Reference (External): 2233
  • HER/SMR Reference (External): 2234
  • HER/SMR Reference (External): 2235

Associated Events

None Recorded

Associated Finds

None Recorded

Related Records

None Recorded