Ticknall Lime and Brick Yards, Calke Abbey

Record ID:  61216 / MNA113057
Record type:  Monument
Protected Status: None Recorded
NT Property:  Calke Abbey; Midlands
Civil Parish:  Ticknall; South Derbyshire; Derbyshire
Grid Reference:  SK 3595 2384
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Summary

The Ticknall lime and brickyards lie on either side of Ticknall main street. This area has had extensive industrial workings in and around it since the late 18th century. The inlier originally lay within Ticknall's open field system but following it's enclosure in 1765 it was made the subject of five awards and divided into separate limeyards. Spurs of surviving land help to delineate these yards and suggest that in places between 12 and 15 m of stone have been cut away, leaving a shear face which runs along the S and N edges of the limeyards. Between these margins the landscape is a confusing picture of spoil heaps, discarded stone, original land levels and outcrops.

Identification Images (0)

Monument Types

  • LIME WORKS (Medieval to Late 19th C - 1500 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICKWORKS (Medieval to Late 19th C - 1500 AD to 1900 AD)

Description

Extensive area of quarrying on a limestone inlier, carried out over more than 500 years to provide a source of lime for agricultural improvement. These quarries lie either side of Ticknall Main Street and incorporate an are quarried extensively for brick and tile making on the N side of the road.

These quarries are an important geological SSSI but also contain evidence of industrial activity extending back more than 200 years. Quarrying had already been carried out on a large scale by the start of the C19th when the Ticknall tramway was laid (SMR No 61004).

The inlier originally lay within Ticknall's open field system but following it's enclosure in 1765 it was made the subject of five awards and divided into separate limeyards. Spurs of surviving land help to delineate these yards and suggest that in places between 12 and 15 m of stone have been cut away, leaving a shear face which runs along the S and N edges of the limeyards. Between these margins the landscape is a confusing picture of spoil heaps, discarded stone, original land levels and outcrops. A natural cavern survives at the W end of the Dripping Wells (SK36032365), as does a partially collapsed cavern at the S end of Riley's close limeworks, although this is most likely to have been formed by quarrying below ground for better quality stone (Marshall, G. 1988: 221-222, Vol 1).

References

  • SNA66622 - Article in monograph: Palmer, M.G. & Neaverson, P.. 1987. The Ticknall Lime Industry & its Transport System.

  • SNA66627 - Book: Howard Usher. 1995. The Ticknall Limeyards.

Designations

None Recorded

Other Statuses and References

  • Conservation Area
  • Site of Special Scientific Interest (Geological)

Associated Events

  • ENA1073 - Field Survey, Survey of Calke Abbey and its Grounds, Calke Abbey
  • ENA5799 - Field Survey, Calke Abbey Limeyards and Brickyards, Ticknall Survey Report
  • ENA6831 - Heritage Assessment, Calke Abbey Parkland Plan, 2012

Associated Finds

None Recorded

Related Records

None Recorded